Hyperpigmentation: Causes, Treatments & Prevention Methods

Hyperpigmentation, commonly known as dark spots, can be attributed to many different factors. Many women find excess information on skin ailments to be overwhelming. 

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At times it seems easier to embrace the marks and move on. Numerous women have added products with sun protective factor (SPF) to their daily skincare routines as their saving grace.

Although these are great products to add to your skincare routine, they will not get rid of dark marks. To help make the journey to understanding and treating hyperpigmentation easier, we’ve broken down some specialists’ information. 

Causes of Hyperpigmentation

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The American Academy of Dermatology breaks down some of the most common causes of hyperpigmentation. They attribute the pigmentation to sun exposure, clearing of a wound or a pimple, hormonal changes, and a medication reaction. 

Many of these cases can’t be avoided entirely, but awareness does help us understand how to deal with the dark marks.

Treatments for Hyperpigmentation

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Many preventative products have been passed off as treatments for hyperpigmentation. If lightening dark spots quickly is your goal, some products do precisely that. 

Products that contain active ingredients such as Vitamin C, Retinol, kojic acid, arbutin, and Glycolic acid are encouraged by Dermatologists such as Dr. Justine Kluk. She advises that these treatments be applied with caution.

“Any treatment regime that utilizes these prescriptions should be started at the end of the summer as they can increase sensitivity to the sun. For the same reason, these creams are usually applied at night before bedtime.”

Says Dr. Kluk

Chemical peels are also an excellent option for treatment and should be applied with the same caution as lightening creams. 

Preventions for Hyperpigmentation

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The most common advice for the prevention of hyperpigmentation is to keep out of the sun! This is especially so if you are already using skin lightening treatments. 

Keeping skin sun protected by using a moisturizer with SPF of 30 or greater is prevention. Many Dermatologists advise that sun protectant moisturizer be applied daily. Another simple prevention for hyperpigmentation is to avoid picking at pimples and wounds.

“Scratching and picking at a spot will only increase the inflammation that’s responsible for skin discoloration”

says Dr. Jeanine Downey

Written by:
Siba Mosana

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